Bilateral environmental and climate cooperation

The Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management has bilateral environmental and climate cooperation with six countries. We are currently focusing on Brazil, Russia, China, South Africa, USA and Viet Nam. The cooperation also includes countries from the Western Indian Ocean.

What is included in the bilateral cooperation?

Environmental problems are transboundary, and in order for Sweden to achieve several of its environmental goals and international commitments, cooperation between countries becomes necessary. The bilateral cooperation focuses on exchange of knowledge and experiences for mutual learning to achieve sustainable aquatic ecosystems.


Read more about our bilateral work in the annual summary report "Environmental and Climate Cooperation with Strategic Countries 2019", from The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency.

The purpose of bilateral cooperation

The purpose of bilateral cooperation is to:

  • exchange experience on environmental management
  • support the implementation of commitments made within the EU or international convention efforts
  • pursue Sweden’s key issues in international environmental governance
  • build alliances
  • create understanding for others’ positions in international negotiations.

The bilateral cooperation is a part of Sweden’s environmental politics and occurs within the framework of Swedish government’s policy for global development.

Why these countries?

The Swedish government has pointed out the BRIICS countries, among others, as a priority for bilateral cooperation. BRIICS stands for Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China, and South Africa. These are countries with large economies and with regionally- or globally important environmental impact.

Our efforts are also directed toward Viet Nam where we for a long time have had experience and good contacts with the country’s authorities. The U.S. is also an important strategic country for us to collaborate with on global marine environmental cooperation. Our collaboration with countries in the Western Indian Ocean is closely connected to our international development cooperation.

World map with markers in Russia, China, USA, Brazil, South Africa, Western Indian Ocean and Vietnam.

SwAM bilateral cooperation.

What do we do?

We cooperate primarily within the areas of

  • Coordinated management from Source to Sea
  • Ocean governance with a focus on marine spatial planning
  • Environmental monitoring

Cooperation with strategic countries in the field of environment and climate

The Swedish government has a specific fund for bilateral cooperation with strategic countries in the field of environment and climate. The bilateral cooperation is carried out by: