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Sweden and Marine Spatial Planning

Sweden is developing three distinct marine spatial plans for its territorial waters and exclusive economic zone.

Consultation on first sketches

From December 2016 to April 2017 we are consulting Swedish stakeholders. Basis for the consultation is sketches of plans. The sketches indicate what our maritime spatial plans might come to look like.

Neigbouring countries will be consulted on the sketches in May 2017.

Timeline for Sweden’s maritime spatial planning

Timeline for Sweden’s maritime spatial planning

Road map for maritime spatial planning

The road map report outlines Sweden’s MSP Work.

You can read, among other things, about the extent to which we should carry out a strategic environmental assessment (SEA) in accordance with Swedish laws. But it is available only in Swedish.

Feedback Compiled in Final Report

Sweden's marine resources and the demands on them, both now and in the future, is describe in our report Marine Spatial Planning – Current Status from 2014.

This cross-sectoral perspective serves as a starting point for the first phase of national marine spatial planning.

The report was made after having collected feedback from interested groups within Sweden.

 

Three Planning Areas in Sweden

Sweden will develop spatial plans for its territorial waters and exclusive economic zone in three areas, each of which are different from one another. Below, we summarize the most distinctive features of each.

Map showing Sweden's three MSP areas.

Sweden's waters are divided into three areas, each of which will receive its own marine spatial plan.

Gulf of Bothnia – Distinctive Features

  1. low salt content affects occurrence of species
  2. ice coverage affects shipping, weakens wave power; provides for winter tourism
  3. land uplift affects species and biotopes; leads to loss of underwater cultural environments
  4. small-scale fishing
  5. long tradition of industry which provides high environmental toxin levels along the coast
  6. shipping strongly connected to mining and forestry industries.

Baltic Sea – Distinctive Features

  1. small proportion of protected areas
  2. rising sea levels and erosion are problems in Skåne
  3. great pressure on recreation and tourism in certain areas
  4. pressurized fish population
  5. intensive shipping that is expected to increase substantially
  6. major risks of oil leaks.

Skagerrak and Kattegat – Distinctive Features

  1. nearly oceanic conditions provide great variety of species, especially in the Skagerrak
  2. great pressure on recreation and tourism
  3. nearly half of Sweden's maritime employees are found here
  4. leader in Sweden's fish processing and shellfish trade/farming
  5. intensive shipping expected to grow substantially; home to Sweden's two largest ports
  6. major risks for oil leaks that quickly reach land
  7. marine waste a problem due to winds and currents.

Authorities Involved in Sweden's MSP

Our agency will develop the plans together with county administrative boards and coastal municipalities, along with influence from environmental NGOs and the public.

We've assembled a list of authorities involved in Sweden's MSP.

MSP and Environmental Objectives

Marine spatial planning is an essential tool for achieving Sweden's environmental quality objectives.

We will use the tool SymphonyPDF for assessing cumulative impact.

MSP in Swedish Law

Provisions for marine spatial planning came into Swedish law in 2014.

Our agency, along with county administrative boards and other stakeholders, prepared the legislation's introduction.

Projects providing evidence and collaboration

Baltic SCOPE

Baltic LINes

NorthSEE

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Published: 2014-02-11
Updated: 2016-12-01

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