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Sweden and Marine Spatial Planning

Sweden is developing three distinct marine spatial plans for its territorial waters and exclusive economic zone.

Consultation on plan proposals

We are consulting neighbouring countries on the three proposed marine spatial plans for Sweden.

We are also consulting on the Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) and Sustainability assessments.

Documents in English will be available 1 June. You can find documents and online maps in Swedish on our Swedish pages.

Submit your comments by 15 September 2018.

Timeline for Sweden’s maritime spatial planning

Timeline for Swedens maritime spatial planning.

Past consultation on first sketches

From December 2016 to April 2017 we consulted Swedish stakeholders. Neighbouring countries were consulted in May 2017.

Basis for the consultation were sketches of plans. The sketches indicated what our maritime spatial plans might come to look like.

Road map for maritime spatial planning

The road map report outlines Sweden’s MSP Work.

You can read, among other things, about the extent to which we should carry out a strategic environmental assessment (SEA) in accordance with Swedish laws. But it is available only in Swedish.

Marine spatial planning current status 2014. Cover image.

Report on Current Status

Sweden's marine resources and the demands on them, both now and in the future, is describe in our report Marine Spatial Planning – Current Status from 2014.

This cross-sectoral perspective serves as a starting point for the first phase of national marine spatial planning.

The report was made after having collected feedback from interested groups within Sweden.

Three Planning Areas in Sweden

Sweden is developing spatial plans for its territorial waters and exclusive economic zone in three areas:

  • Gulf of Bothnia
  • Baltic Sea
  • Skagerrak and Kattegat

The three are different from one another. Below, we summarize the most distinctive features of each.

Map showing Sweden's three MSP areas.

Sweden's waters are divided into three areas, each of which will receive its own marine spatial plan.

Gulf of Bothnia – Distinctive Features

  1. low salt content affects occurrence of species
  2. ice coverage affects shipping, weakens wave power; provides for winter tourism
  3. land uplift affects species and biotopes; leads to loss of underwater cultural environments
  4. small-scale fishing
  5. long tradition of industry which provides high environmental toxin levels along the coast
  6. shipping strongly connected to mining and forestry industries.

Baltic Sea – Distinctive Features

  1. small proportion of protected areas
  2. rising sea levels and erosion are problems in Skåne
  3. great pressure on recreation and tourism in certain areas
  4. pressurized fish population
  5. intensive shipping that is expected to increase substantially
  6. major risks of oil leaks.

Skagerrak and Kattegat – Distinctive Features

  1. nearly oceanic conditions provide great variety of species, especially in the Skagerrak
  2. great pressure on recreation and tourism
  3. nearly half of Sweden's maritime employees are found here
  4. leader in Sweden's fish processing and shellfish trade/farming
  5. intensive shipping expected to grow substantially; home to Sweden's two largest ports
  6. major risks for oil leaks that quickly reach land
  7. marine waste a problem due to winds and currents.

Authorities Involved in Sweden's MSP

Our agency will develop the plans together with county administrative boards and coastal municipalities, along with influence from environmental NGOs and the public.

We've assembled a list of authorities involved in Sweden's MSP.

MSP and Environmental Objectives

Marine spatial planning is an essential tool for achieving Sweden's environmental quality objectives.

We are using the tool SymphonyPDF for assessing cumulative impact.

MSP in Swedish Law

Provisions for marine spatial planning came into Swedish law in 2014.

Our agency, along with county administrative boards and other stakeholders, prepared the legislation's introduction.

Projects providing evidence and collaboration

Published: 2014-02-11
Updated: 2018-04-19

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