The purpose of marine spatial planning is to prevent conflicts between various interests and assist in solving conflicts that do occur. It is needed for the vital planning and management concerning our marine areas.
Many interests at sea are in fact shared, such as shipping, fishing, wind power, tourism, defense, and material extraction. Marine spatial planning should therefore clarify which interests take priority in various areas.
Marine spatial planning is visualised through maps and supported with observations on how the sea should be used, protected, and managed, as well as other important interests to be addressed.
These plans should result in the better usage of marine waters and the identification of which areas are best suited for each activity. The benchmark should apply the precautionary principle and ensure that affected ecosystems properly function.